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Canon Law

Referencing and bibliographies

When writing a research paper, it is important to document every quotation, paraphrase and idea; this means citing your sources. Sources are of two types:

1) Notes in the text of the research (also known as footnotes, in text citations or end notes)

2) A bibliography, or list of works that were consulted during the research.

Everything needed to identify and find a text, whether an article, an exhibition catalogue or a regular book, is found in each citation. Whatever the bibliographic style, include author(s), title and subtitle, source (journal or book), page numbers, date; for monographs (books) the place and name of the publisher are also used.  Catalogue and database records can contain the information you need.

For details regarding when to cite, see the Academic Writing Centre's guide to avoiding plagiarism.

What style to use?
Each discipline uses its own method of documentation or citation style; ask your professor for a recommendation. There is no single correct form, but it is essential that consistency be observed in all entries.

Other relevant citation styles

For matters not treated in the Faculty of Canon Law guidelines, please consult: 

A manual for writers of research papers, theses, and dissertations  7th ed. by Kate Turabian (2007)
REF LB 2369 T84M3 2007
REF PN 160 C45M35 2010

Help with your assignment

Student Success Centre provides you with the tools and strategies through one-on-one meetings with writing advisors as well as through workshops on achieving academic success.

It is located in room 1234 of the Jean-Léon Allie Library (Guigues Hall). Services are offered from September to April.  Telephone number: (613) 236-1393, extension 2217, e-mail: